This post will explain GUI mode of Check Disk, file system overview & how to repair file system in Windows 8 using CHKDSK Graphical user interface tool.
The steps given below will make you understand the entire procedure to run GUI - CHKDSK in Windows 8:
Step 1: The first step is right click on a drive which need to be repaired then go to its properties as shown below. Make sure all files are closed as CHKDSK tool doesn't run when volume is in use.
Step 2: The next step is to select the tool tab then click on check to verify if there is any error in the file system.
Step 3: After selecting the check button, below screen will appear which display a message 'if error is found or not' & asks you to scan the drive.
Step 4: Once you click on scan drive, a new screen will open which starts scanning the selected drive for file system error.
Step 5: When scanning is completed you will see a new window that display a message "Your drive was successfully scanned". You can either click on show details to see the result of CHKDSK in an event viewer or click on close to exit.
Computer uses an underlying structure called file system to organize data on a storage device. When a new hard disk is installed, it is necessary to partition & format the disk using a file system before storing the data. File system manage files & directories (folders) in hierarchy i.e tree
structure. Besides, a file system provides a method for storing & retrieving files on a storage media. The most popular file system of Windows is NTFS, though older version of Windows use FAT32.
Every so often your computer fails to work in a proper way, one of the reason behind it is file system failure. Now the question is how file system become inaccessible, there are many reasons such as system file missing, Windows crash, bad sectors on hard disk, sudden power failure, virus
infection. In such situation the very first thing every person does is run CHKDSK either from cmd or from GUI. Graphical user interface- GUI of CHKDSK is the simplest way to repair FAT or NTFS file system errors in Windows 8.
Even though CHKDSK in GUI mode can scan & fix file system errors, it cannot recover damaged or deleted files. Apart from this, it can also delete corrupted file record attribute, index entry etc. So it is not always recommended to run CHKDSK